Court officers and justices of the peace (NOC 1227)

About this job

Court officers and justices of peace:

  • coordinate the administrative and procedural functions of federal, provincial and territorial courts, such as scheduling trials and overseeing the maintenance of court records
  • administer oaths, issue subpoenas, summonses and warrants and perform other court-related duties such as conducting bail hearings
  • work for federal and provincial courts
Common job titles
  • administrator, family court / judicial
  • clerk of the Crown - courts
  • clerk, court / probate
  • commissioner, affidavits / marriages
  • commissioner, marriages
  • co-ordinator, court services / trial


Court officers:

  • co-ordinate administrative services and establish work priorities for court staff
  • schedule court trials and arrange pre-trial conferences and hearings
  • call courts of law to order, read charges and take pleas from defendants
  • record court commencement, trial proceedings and judgements
  • collect and record sheriff fees, transcription fees and other court administrative and services fees
  • oversee the maintenance of judicial court records
  • help in preparing annual budgets
  • act as justices of the peace

Justices of the peace:

  • issue subpoenas, summonses and warrants, including search warrants
  • receive affidavits, declarations and affirmations
  • administer oaths
  • conduct bail hearings
  • release defendants on judges' orders and explain rights and obligations
  • hear evidence at trials on summary conviction offences
  • preside over trials of criminal offences at the discretion of the chief judge of the jurisdiction or as provided for in federal, provincial or territorial statutes
  • perform civil marriages

Special duties

The duties and responsibilities of justices of the peace vary significantly depending on the level of their authority. They may work part-time on a fee-for-service basis in small communities. Their duties range from receiving affidavits and similar documents, to presiding in courts and hearing and determining prosecutions under provincial/territorial and federal laws.

Work environment

Work in this occupation is typically performed in a structured environment, such as an office, with time also spent in courtrooms.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Promotion to senior positions such as senior court administrator is possible with experience.

Additional resources

Additional resources are not currently available for this career.