Agriculture and Fishing

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2017-2018):
-5.0%
Job growth (2017-2018):
-1,500
Total employment (2018):
27,000

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Agriculture jobs are highly seasonal and often temporary.
  • Many workers in the industry are self-employed.
  • Wages for most workers are far below the provincial average.
  • Very few jobs in this industry are unionized.

The Agriculture industry includes businesses that are involved mainly in crop production, animal production and the provision of support services to the Forestry and Agriculture industry.

Crop production businesses include farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries. Animal production businesses include ranches, farms, feedlots and similar businesses involved in raising and fattening animals and turning out animal products.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2018

  Men: 55%
  Women: 45%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2018

  Men: 58%
  Women: 42%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2013 2018 B.C. average (2018)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2013
25%
2014
31%
B.C. average (2018)
20%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2013
40%
2018
40%
B.C. average (2018)
20%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2013
22%
2018
17%
B.C. average (2018)
13%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2019 2024 2029
Forecasted employment
2019
25,400
2024
26,500
2029
26,500

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2019 - 2024
  • 2024 - 2029

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2019
  • 2024
  • 2029

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Agriculture
http://www.gov.bc.ca/agri/

BC Agriculture in the Classroom Foundation
http://www.aitc.ca/bc/

Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council
http://www.agritalent.ca/

Investment Agriculture Foundation of British Columbia
http://iafbc.ca

North American Industry Classification System
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/industry-industrie-eng.htm