Agriculture

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2014-2015):
-8.6%
Job growth (2014-2015):
-2,100
Total employment (2015):
22,200

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Agriculture jobs are highly seasonal and often temporary.
  • Almost half of those working in the industry are self-employed.
  • Wages for most workers are far below the provincial average.
  • Very few jobs in this industry are unionized.

The Agriculture industry includes businesses that are involved mainly in crop production, animal production and the provision of support services to the Forestry and Agriculture industry.

Crop production businesses include farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries. Animal production businesses include ranches, farms, feedlots and similar businesses involved in raising and fattening animals and turning out animal products.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2015

  Men: 52%
  Women: 48%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2015

  Men: 52%
  Women: 48%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2010 2015 B.C. average (2015)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2010
20%
2015
19%
B.C. average (2015)
21%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2010
44%
2015
47%
B.C. average (2015)
18%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2010
28%
2015
40%
B.C. average (2015)
14%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

N/A - Data not available

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2016 2020 2025
Forecasted employment
2016
19,700
2020
19,700
2025
19,900

Note:support activites for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2016 - 2020
  • 2020 - 2025

Note:support activites for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2016
  • 2020
  • 2025

Note:support activites for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Agriculture
http://www.gov.bc.ca/agri/

BC Agriculture in the Classroom Foundation
http://www.aitc.ca/bc/

Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council
http://www.agritalent.ca/

Investment Agriculture Foundation of British Columbia
http://iafbc.ca

North American Industry Classification System
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/industry-industrie-eng.htm