Home child care providers look after the well-being, and physical and social development of children. In B.C., these workers are known as licence-not-required (LNR) child care providers. They may work with children on an ongoing or a short-term basis. Nannies are included in this group.
Foster caregivers, often called foster parents, are also included, although their role differs in some ways.
Watch the video below to see what a day in the life of a home child care provider is like.
Estimated median employment income based on 2021 Job Bank median hourly wage rate (median annual salary = hourly wage rate x 40 (hours per week) x 52.14 (weeks per year))
Note:Estimated median employment income based on 2021 Job Bank median hourly wage rate (median annual salary = hourly wage rate x 40 (hours per week) x 52.14 (weeks per year))
Source: 2021 Job Bank Wage Report
Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook
10 year expected job openings: 2,860
In general, home child care providers:
Some home child care providers also do housekeeping tasks. Some keep records of the children’s daily activities and health information.
In general, foster caregivers:
Home child care providers may work for child-care agencies or be self-employed. They may care for a maximum of two children at a time (in addition to their own), or more if the children are siblings.
Some home child care providers work in their own homes. Others work in the children’s homes, where they may also live. They usually work indoors but may also spend time outdoors.
Work hours vary and may include evenings, nights, weekends and holidays.
Foster caregivers are contracted and regulated by the B.C. government. They work in their own homes. They may care for up to six children, or for two if the children have special needs.
Foster caregivers must always be available, including evenings and weekends. Those who care for children with physical, psychological or behavioural problems must go to appointments with the children. These can include hospital stays or regular therapy sessions.
Foster caregivers often find the work to be both stressful and rewarding.
Source: 2016 Census
Home child care providers may need to have:
Foster caregivers must complete:
For more information about programs offered specifically for this career, visit EducationPlannerBC.
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As higher numbers of parents work from home offices, more providers are doing child care in their own homes, rather than in their employer’s.
Foster caregivers get a monthly payment to cover the direct costs of caring for a child. Those caring for children with health or learning disabilities receive additional payment. Although many foster parents don’t work outside of the home, foster caregiving is not employment and does not take the place of a regular job. Families choose to foster because of a concern for children and a desire to contribute to the community.
Workers in this group often move from one area of home child care to another. They may advance by becoming licensed and opening their own licensed home child care facility.
Foster caregivers can specialize in particular levels of care or on specific health or learning disabilities.