Biologists and related scientists (NOC 2121)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

Biologists and related scientists carry out research to gain knowledge of living organisms, to manage natural resources, and to develop new practices and products related to medicine and agriculture.

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Biologists and related scientists work in both laboratory and field settings for:

  • governments
  • environmental consulting companies
  • resource and utilities companies
  • chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnical companies
  • health and educational institutions
Common job titles
  • agrogeologist
  • algologist
  • anatomist
  • animal biologist
  • animal ecologist
  • animal geneticist



  • plan and carry out studies of the environment
  • plan and carry out studies of the population, distribution, structure, functional characteristics and behaviour of plants and animals
  • carry out environmental impact studies and prepare reports
  • study, identify and classify plant and animal specimens
  • carry out experiments in plant or animal growth, heredity and breeding
  • prepare reports and plans for management of renewable resources
  • supervise biological technicians and other scientists

Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists:

  • carry out research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of micro-organisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoans and algae
  • research the structure and workings of human, animal and plant tissues and cells
  • carry out studies into the identification, effects and control of human, plant and animal microorganisms and poisons
  • run clinical or laboratory studies to test, check and screen drugs
  • carry out molecular or biochemical studies and experiments into genetics, gene manipulation and recombinant DNA technology
  • carry out research in biotechnologyto find, develop, refine and evaluate new products
  • participate in the commercialization of new products
  • supervise biological technicians and other scientists
  • conduct biostatistical data analysis using computer modelling techniques

Work environment

Work in this occupation is typically performed in a structured environment, such as an office, hospital or school, or an outdoor work environment where the worker is exposed to various weather conditions.

Also, the worker may be exposed to infectious bacteria and viruses that may cause illness. This could arise while investigating outbreaks of food and environment related diseases and poisonings, or while conducting microbiological tests and laboratory analyses. Safety precautions and procedures in place minimize risks.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

At this time, career path information is not available for this occupation.

Additional resources