Industrial and manufacturing engineers (NOC 2141)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

Industrial and manufacturing engineers:

  • carry out studies, and develop and supervise programs to best use equipment, human resources, technology, materials and procedures to improve efficiency and productivity
  • work for consulting firms; manufacturing and processing companies; government; financial, health care and other institutions; or they may be self-employed
Common job titles
  • engineer, computer integrated manuf'g
  • engineer, consulting industrial
  • engineer, cost / efficiency / methods
  • engineer, fire prevention
  • engineer, industrial
  • engineer, industrial efficiency


Industrial and manufacturing engineers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • plan and design plant layouts and facilities
  • study new machinery and facilities, and recommend or select efficient combinations
  • develop flexible or combined manufacturing systems and procedures
  • carry out studies and put into use programs to determine the best inventory levels for production, and the best use of machinery, materials and resources
  • analyze costs of production
  • design, develop and carry out time studies and work simplification programs
  • determine human resource and skill requirements and develop training programs
  • develop performance standards, evaluation systems and wage and incentive programs
  • carry out studies of the reliability and performance of plant facilities and production or administrative systems
  • develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs
  • create programs and carry out studies to improve industrial health and safety or to identify and correct fire and other hazards
  • evaluate industrial facilities
  • supervise technicians, technologists, analysts, administrative staff and other engineers

Work environment

Work in this occupation is typically performed in a structured environment, such as an office or hospital.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Industrial engineers develop and put into use organizational and management systems, while manufacturing engineers design production processes. There is considerable mobility between industrial engineering specializations at the less senior levels, and engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to work in associated areas of science, engineering, administration or management.

Additional resources