General practitioners and family physicians (NOC 3112)

Minimum education: University

  • Average salary
    98.5%
  • Occupation size
    81.0%
  • Job stability
    100.0%
  • Demand growth
    97.0%
  • Below Average
  • Excellent

Profile last updated: December 3, 2015

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01 Overview

General practitioners (GPs) and family physicians diagnose and treat diseases, physiological disorders and injuries. Residents in training to be general practitioners and family physicians are included in this unit group.

People in this occupation:

  • look for health risks, address health prevention (immunizations, treatments, etc.), and manage end-of-life issues
  • are the primary contact for an individual and provide continuous care toward the management of a patient's health.
  • work in private practices, community health centres, clinics, nursing homes and hospitals
  • work for government and other types of health organizations
  • provide care to a specific client base or to the community at large
  • should have strong communication and interpersonal skills, as doctor-patient relationships are central to their roles
  • must have strong analytical skills and a background in the sciences
  • are required to continually update their skills and knowledge to provide patients with optimal care

02 Earnings

Provincial median salary

$102,116

Source: Full-time, full-year median employment income, 2011 National Household Survey

Provincial hourly rate

  • N/A
    Low
  • N/A
    Median
  • N/A
    High

03 Duties

General practitioners and family physicians may perform some or all of the following duties:

  • examine patients and take their histories, order laboratory tests, X-rays and other diagnostic procedures and consult with other medical practitioners to evaluate patients' physical and mental health
  • prescribe medications and administer treatments
  • perform minor surgery and assist with other surgical procedures
  • provide emergency care
  • provide acute care management
  • inoculate and vaccinate patients
  • advise patients and their families on health care including health promotion, disease, illness and accident prevention
  • provide counselling and support to patients and their families on a wide range of health and lifestyle issues
  • perform patient advocacy role
  • co-ordinate or manage primary patient care
  • provide continuous care to patients, including palliative care support
  • supervise home-care services
  • report births, deaths, and contagious and other diseases to governmental authorities
  • deliver babies and provide pre-natal and post-natal care

04 Work environment

Family physicians and GPs often work irregular hours, including nights and weekends, and may also be on-call 24 hours a day when required to respond to emergencies. Resident physicians generally work long hours, which could be up to 60 hours per week, however, this trend may be decreasing.

Family physicians and GPs are increasingly practicing in groups, and with other health professionals such as pharmacists, nurses and nurse practitioners.

Improvements in technology have led to changes in the way care is provided, and general practitioners and family physicians are increasingly using electronic resources to support patient care, including electronic medical records, electronic prescribing and electronic results access. They are also using computer-based education and information resources more frequently and interaction between patients and doctors happens more often via electronic means such as telephone or email. Most physicians are also using PDA-type devices.

Family physicians spend the majority of time in their practice, however, they may be required to travel to hospitals to provide specific types of patient care. Family physicians are also occasionally required to provide in-home patient care.

General practitioners and family physicians generally see a large volume of patients requiring different types of assessments, support or treatment each day so there is a great deal of variety in a physician's work.

Due to the nature of the work, family physicians and general practitioners are exposed to infectious diseases and physicians must be very careful while examining patients. Necessary precautions include the use of safety equipment and clothing, as well as sterilization or disposal of some equipment and protective clothing after use.

Family physicians and GPs must also be prepared to handle the often fragile emotional state of their patients, and when combined with long working hours, a high volume of patients, a diverse array of treatments administered and strict safety precautions, it can be a stressful working environment.

Industry sources report that practice management and clinical training programs combined with targeted incentives have drastically improved professional satisfaction. Physicians often feel a sense of satisfaction from the nature of their job - helping people.

05 Workforce and employment statistics

Workforce characteristics

6,500 workers are employed
39 % of workers are working mostly full time

Employment by gender

Labour force by age group

Source: 2011 National Household Survey

06 Job requirements

Education, training and qualifications

A doctor of medicine degree (MD) is required, which takes at least three years of undergraduate studies, as well as four years of medical school. Medical schools have high academic admission requirements. University medical programs conduct interviews to ensure that applicants who have acceptable academic credentials also have the appropriate interpersonal skills and attitudes to work as medical professionals.

Graduates of medical programs undergo two years of accredited residency training. The residency program is competitive and may require graduates to travel to other provinces in order to receive a placement. Residents spend the majority of their time in community practices working with family physicians and clinical teams. Residents also spend four or eight weeks working in specific areas of the medical profession, such as medicine, surgery, paediatrics and psychiatry. They must also spend a minimum of eight weeks in a rural practice.

To become a fully licensed physician in B.C., graduates must pass two licensing exams administered by the Medical Council of Canada and they must also become licensed through the College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia. In addition, family physicians must pass a national exam administered by the College of Family Physicians of Canada. These professionals must also maintain professional insurance through an insurance body.

Continuing medical education and professional development are required throughout their careers to ensure that in a rapidly changing medical and scientific world, physicians are providing patients with modern treatments and proper advice. All family physicians are now required to complete a minimum of 50 hours per year (on average) of documented continuing professional education throughout their career.

Workers already licensed or certified in another province or territory in a provincially regulated occupation can have their credentials recognized in B.C. For more detailed information, contact the provincial regulator or visit the list of provincial regulators at: www.tilma.ca/pdf/BCRegulatoryAuthorities.pdf.

For program information on public post-secondary education in B.C., please see the Education Planner website at: http://www.educationplanner.ca

07 Subject Areas & Training Resources

Education Planner

www.educationplanner.ca

08 Career paths

New graduates commonly begin their career by taking over for physicians who on holidays, education leave, etc. This provides an opportunity to build experience in practice and to assess a range of practice settings and communities. Currently, few GPs and family physicians set up independent practices and most join an established group.

The majority of GPs and family physicians continue providing primary care to patients throughout their professional career, though they often add a special interest component to their practice and may also focus on a specialty area (hospitalist, palliative care, occupational medicine, etc.)

Senior physicians may also work as hospital administrators, teach and or conduct research at educational institutions, or work for government health authorities and other health-related organizations.

09Employment outlook

Provincial and Regional Outlook data used for this occupation is based on its occupation group: Physicians, dentists and veterinarians (NOC 311)

N/A - Data not available or not provided due to data quality issues

Provincial Outlook:

Unemployment rate

  • 4.5%
    2014
  • 4.3%
    2019
  • 3.3%
    2024

Competitiveness of job market

Ratio of number of unemployed people to the number of total job openings.

  • 0:0
    2014
  • 2:1
    2019
  • 1:1
    2024

10 Insights from industry

A growing and ageing population will require more health services. As such, there will be many opportunities throughout the province for physicians who wish to operate a family practice.

Despite the steady increases in the ratio of physicians to population over the last several years, some patients in parts of the province are having difficulty finding an available family physician. Industry sources report that there is, and will continue to be, a strong demand for GPs throughout the province. However, smaller, northern, rural communities are in particular need. The demand is driven by the need to reduce the number of patients who do not have doctors, and to handle the extra work associated with an aging population and chronic disease management.

The Government of British Columbia has increased the opportunities for medical education in the province through the establishment of two medical programs at the University of Victoria and at the University of Northern British Columbia. The initiative, which has an emphasis on training physicians for rural practice and to meet the needs of an aging population, will help to increase B.C.'s supply of general practitioners and family physicians.

Physicians who move to rural communities to practice may receive incentives such as signing bonuses, student loan reductions, fee-for-service and flat sum premiums or travel subsidies.

Industry reports that even though increased opportunities for medical education in B.C. is a positive measure, there are still not enough medical school graduates to replace the family physicians who retire every year. Consequently, B.C. is increasingly dependent on importing physicians from other Canadian and international jurisdictions.

11 Additional resources