Veterinarians (NOC 3114)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

Veterinarians prevent, diagnose and treat diseases and disorders in animals.

People in this occupation:

  • advise clients on the feeding, hygiene, housing and general care of animals
  • work in private practice or may be employed by animal clinics and laboratories, government or industry
Common job titles
  • bacteriologist, veterinary
  • laboratory diagnostician, veterinary
  • veterinarian, avian / poultry
  • veterinarian, equine
  • veterinarian, small animals
  • veterinarian, zoo



  • identify diseases or abnormal conditions in animals through physical examinations or laboratory tests
  • treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds or performing surgery
  • do routine, emergency and post-mortem examinations
  • vaccinate animals to prevent diseases
  • offer obstetrical and dental services
  • advise clients on feeding, housing, breeding, hygiene and general care of animals
  • offer euthanasia services
  • may supervise animal health technologists and animal care workers
  • may be responsible for overall operation of animal hospital, clinic or mobile service to farms
  • may conduct veterinary research
  • may enforce government regulations in disease control and food production including animal or animal-based food inspection

Special duties

The duties of veterinarians performing research may be similar to those of some biologists.

Work environment

Key aspects of the work in this occupation:

  • Work generally takes place in animal hospitals or clinics.
  • Work may take place outdoors in various weather conditions.
  • Workers may be exposed to infectious bacteria and viruses that may cause illness.
  • Working with equipment and instruments may cause injuries.
  • Strong or toxic odours may be present in the workplace.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

At this time, career path information is not available for this occupation.

Additional resources