Probation and parole officers and related occupations (NOC 4155)

About this job

Probation officers:

  • check on the conduct and behaviour of criminal offenders serving probation terms

Parole officers:

  • observe criminal offenders serving the remainder of sentences while being released into the community on parole under certain conditions

Classification officers:

  • assess inmates and develop rehabilitation programs for criminal offenders in correctional facilities

People in this group:

  • work for federal and provincial governments
  • work in the community and in correctional facilities
Common job titles
  • caseworker, corrections - case manager
  • manager, corrections - community case
  • officer, corrections - clemency
  • officer, parole - probation officer
  • program officer, social assistance
  • program worker, corrections - youth worker
  • caseworker, corrections - case manager
  • manager, corrections - community case
  • officer, corrections - clemency
  • officer, parole - probation officer
  • program officer, social assistance
  • program worker, corrections - youth worker

Earnings

Annual provincial median salary

$71,557

Source: 2016 Job Bank Wage data

Note:Estimated median employment income based on 2016 Job Bank median hourly wage rate (median annual salary = hourly wage rate x 40 (hours per week) x 52.14 (weeks per year))

Provincial hourly rate

  • High
  • Median
  • Low

Source: 2016 Job Bank Wage Report

Duties

Probation and parole officers

  • interview offenders, police, family, friends, school authorities and employers to prepare pre-sentence reports and assess offenders' prospects for successful re-entry into the community
  • plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, establishing rules of conduct, goals and objectives
  • refer offenders to community and social service programs, as needed
  • supervise the terms of a probation order and attend court
  • interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans
  • recommend corrective action or start court action when terms of probation or parole are violated
  • may perform office management duties and supervise support staff
  • may participate in policy development

Classification officers, correctional institutions

  • interview inmates to assess adjustment problems and develop suitable rehabilitation programs
  • prepare classification reports recommending type of confinement and types of interventions considered most beneficial for the rehabilitation of the inmates
  • plan rehabilitation programs with offenders, identifying needs and setting out goals and objectives
  • work with the inmates' families and contacts in the community to maintain established bonds outside of the institution
  • help inmates with their problems and evaluate their progress

Work environment

Key aspects of the work in this occupation:

  • Work takes place in a conventional indoor office setting.

Job requirements

Education, training & qualifications

  • A bachelor's degree in social work, criminology, psychology, sociology or other related social science discipline is required.
  • A master's degree in social work, criminology, psychology or other related social science discipline may be required.

Skills

  • General Learning Ability
  • Detail-Oriented
  • Clerical Ability
  • Directive
  • Manual Dexterity
View skills definitions

Education programs in B.C.

The following program areas are related to this occupation:
  • Criminal Justice/Criminology
  • Criminology/Criminal Justice
  • Human/Social Service Work
  • Psychology (Arts)
  • Psychology (Science)

For more information about programs offered specifically for this career, visit EducationPlannerBC.

Select a region to view regional outlook
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
Cariboo
Employment in 2016:
50
Average annual employment growth:
N/A
Expected number of job openings:
N/A
Kootenay
Employment in 2016:
10
Average annual employment growth:
N/A
Expected number of job openings:
N/A
Mainland / Southwest
Employment in 2016:
480
Average annual employment growth:
0.4%
Expected number of job openings:
140
North Coast & Nechako
Employment in 2016:
20
Average annual employment growth:
N/A
Expected number of job openings:
N/A
Northeast
Employment in 2016:
0
Average annual employment growth:
N/A
Expected number of job openings:
N/A
Thompson-Okanagan
Employment in 2016:
70
Average annual employment growth:
N/A
Expected number of job openings:
N/A
Vancouver Island / Coast
Employment in 2016:
130
Average annual employment growth:
1.1%
Expected number of job openings:
50

N/A - Data not available

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Progression to correctional service management positions is possible with additional training or experience.

Additional resources

Additional resources are not currently available for this career.