Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c. (NOC 4169)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

This group includes anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, historians, linguists, political scientists, sociologists and other professional occupations in social science not elsewhere classified.

People in this occupation:

  • work in universities and throughout the public and private sectors
Common job titles
  • anthropologist
  • archaeologist
  • criminologist / penologist
  • ecologist, social
  • ethnographer / ethnologist
  • genealogist


The following is a summary of main duties for some occupations in this group:


  • do studies of the origin, development and functioning of human societies and cultures and of human evolution, changing physical characteristics and geographical distribution


  • study artifacts (objects and structures) to reconstruct past economic, social, political and intellectual life


  • study and analyze the spatial distribution and interrelationship of physical, biological, cultural and social patterns


  • do research into one or more phases or aspects of past human activity and interpret and document findings


  • study the origin, structure and development of languages and apply linguistic theory to problems in teaching, translation and communications

Political scientists:

  • do research into the theory, origin, development, interrelationships and functioning of political institutions, political movements and individual political behaviour


  • develop psychological tests, scales and measures
  • may give and interpret such tests, scales and measures
  • give and score psychological tests, usually under the supervision of a registered psychologist


  • study the development, structure, social patterns and relationships within human society

Special duties

Specialization usually exists within each of these occupations. Other social science professionals included in this group specialize in particular areas of social sciences and humanities disciplines. These include:

  • criminologists (specialists in the study of crime and criminals)
  • gerontologists (specialists in the phenomena and problems of aging)
  • graphoanalysts (specialists in handwriting analysis)  

Work environment

Key aspects of the work in this occupation:

  • Work takes place in a conventional indoor office setting.
  • Workers may be exposed to various outdoor weather conditions.
  • Workers be exposed to dust and sand in the workplace.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Specialization within each occupation occurs through specialized university study or through experience.

Additional resources

Additional resources are not currently available for this career.