Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating (NOC 3125)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

This group includes health professionals who diagnose and treat the diseases and injuries of patients and who are not elsewhere classified.

This includes the following professionals who work in private practices, clinics and hospitals:

  • doctors of podiatric medicine
  • chiropodists
  • podiatrists
  • naturopaths
  • orthoptists
  • osteopaths
Common job titles
  • chiropodist
  • doctor, naturopathy
  • doctor, osteopathic medicine / osteopathy
  • naturopath / ND (naturopathic doctor)
  • orthoptist / teaching orthoptist
  • osteopath - physician


Doctors of podiatric medicine are primary care practitioners who:

  • diagnose diseases, deformities and injuries of the human foot and explain diagnoses to patients
  • treat patients using braces, casts, shields, orthotic devices, physical therapy or prescribed medications
  • may also perform surgery on the bones of the forefoot and the subcutaneous soft tissues of the foot

Chiropodists and diploma or first-degree trained podiatrists:

  • diagnose diseases, deformities and injuries of the human foot
  • treat patients using braces, casts, shields, orthotic devices, physical therapy and subcutaneous soft-tissue foot surgery


  • diagnose patients' diseases and disorders
  • use natural methods of healing such as acupuncture and acupressure, spinal manipulation, reflexology, hydrotherapy, herbal medicines, biochemical therapy, clinical nutrition, homeopathy and counselling in their treatment


  • help ophthalmologists in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders by performing specialized eye tests to measure and assess defective binocular vision or abnormal eye movement in patients
  • prescribe treatment such as eye exercises or patching

Osteopaths or osteopathic physicians:

  • diagnose disorders and injuries of the musculo-skeletal, circulatory and nervous systems
  • treat patients with manipulative therapy, medications or surgery

Work environment

Key aspects of the work in this occupation:

  • Work generally takes place in a private practices, clinics and hospitals.
  • Workers may be exposed to infectious bacteria and viruses that may cause illness.
  • Working with equipment and instruments may cause injuries.
  • Exposure to ionizing radiation such as X-rays and radioactive substances or non-ionizing radiation such as radio frequencies and infrared, ultraviolet or visible light that may pose health risks.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Chiropodist and podiatrist titles are used interchangeably in some provinces, although the title podiatrist is becoming more common. The use of the podiatrist job title does not necessarily refer to doctors of podiatric medicine (D.P.M.).

There are two licences in British Columbia – one allows the doctor of osteopathy full scope of practice rights, while the other limits practice to osteopathic manipulative medicine.

Orthoptists may also be trained as ophthalmic technicians or technologists.

Osteopaths may obtain a licence as general practitioners.

Orthoptists often work as part of a medical team that includes ophthalmologists, opticians and other ophthalmic medical personnel.

Additional resources