Licensed practical nurses (NOC 3233)

High opportunity occupation

About this job

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) provide nursing care under the direction of medical practitioners and under the supervision of registered nurses.

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Licensed practical nurse

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs):

  • work under the direction of health-care professionals, but they make nursing judgments and are responsible for their own nursing actions
  • provide nursing services to patients based on patient assessment and care planning procedures
  • are key members of interdisciplinary health-care teams
  • work in hospitals, nursing homes, extended care facilities, rehabilitation centres, doctors’ offices, clinics, companies, private homes, educational facilities and community health centres
  • must have good observation, communication and problem-solving skills
  • must be able to handle high levels of stress associated with emergencies and medical conditions

Operating room technicians, who are also LPNs, are included in this group.

Operating room technicians:

  • work mainly in hospitals, providing assistance during surgical operations
  • may also be employed in the offices of physicians and dentists where minor surgery is performed
Common job titles
  • CNA (certified nursing assistant)
  • LPN (licensed practical nurse)
  • nursing assistant (registered - Québec)
  • operating room technician - nursing
  • RNA (registered nursing assistant)
  • RPN (registered practical nurse)


Licensed practical nurses (LPNs):

  • provide nursing services to patients under the direction of medical practitioners and registered nurses
  • do nursing interventions such as taking vital signs, applying aseptic techniques (including sterile dressing), carrying out infection control, watching patient diets and collecting specimens
  • give medication and record therapeutic effects
  • provide personal and comfort care before and after an operation
  • check on respiratory and intravenous therapy
  • keep an eye on patient progress, evaluate effectiveness of nursing interventions and talk with appropriate members of the health-care team

Operating room technicians:

  • prepare patients for surgery by washing, shaving and sterilizing the body area to be operated on
  • help get operating rooms ready by laying out instruments, setting up equipment and sterilizing operating room equipment and instruments
  • help surgical teams with gowns and gloves and pass instruments to surgeons

Work environment

Key aspects of the work in this occupation:

  • LPNs generally practise as team members in health-care facilities such as hospitals, nursing homes, doctor’s offices, clinics, extended care facilities and private residences.
  • LPNs typically work 8- to 12-hour shifts, usually on rotation, including weekends, evenings and holidays.
  • A large amount of time may be spent standing or walking.
  • Long shifts can sometimes cause fatigue, leading to a higher risk of workplace injuries.
  • Workers can be exposed to infectious diseases, radiation and chemicals while working in hospitals and clinics.
  • All nursing staff must follow strict guidelines to prevent infection and injury.
  • Lifting or moving patients may lead to back injuries, although electric beds, ceiling lifts and portable mechanical lifts have significantly reduced the risk of such injuries occurring.
  • Violent behaviour from patients, especially those who are mentally ill, is a potential hazard.
  • LPNs must cope with the emotional aspects of working with the sick, injured and terminally ill, as well as with patients’ families.

Insights from industry

A growing and aging population will require more health services, which will result in an increased demand for workers in this profession. The majority of job openings expected for LPNs will come from new job creation.

The strong demand for LPNs across B.C. tends to be higher in areas with more extended care and long-term care facilities or larger acute care hospitals. Many openings for LPNs will be in specialty areas, such as emergency and pediatric wards, and operating rooms. LPNs who have completed an immunization certification course and the leadership post-certificate course will have better job prospects.

The legislated scope of practice for LPNs has not changed in recent years, but their range of capabilities has expanded. New capabilities include mental health, community and pharmacology studies. As well, LPNs are taking on increased responsibilities to provide better patient outcomes and to improve the use of nursing staff.

Career paths and resources

Career paths

Some LPNs may work as health-care aides before taking the education required for licensed practical nursing.

Newly licensed LPNs may find work in a variety of health-care settings such as in doctor’s offices, long-term care facilities, community hospice and large acute care centres.

With additional training, LPNs may become operating room technicians. Specialization in areas such as emergency care, pediatrics or community health can be acquired through experience and additional training. LPNs may also complete the Provincial Instructor Diploma and then apply for positions in a college setting that educates both home support/resident care attendants and practical nurses. An LPN may also take supplementary education to become a registered nurse.

Self-employment is possible with experience in specialty areas. Examples of nursing services offered by self-employed LPNs include foot care, health consultation, and skin and wound care.

With additional experience and education, particularly in leadership, LPNs may move into management roles such as director of care or supervisor of unregulated care providers.

Educational bridging programs have now been set up which allow resident care aides to do a shortened practical nursing program and that provide LPNs with a one-year advanced credit for Bachelor of Nursing programs. Bridging makes it easier for these health-care workers to gain more education and advance to higher-level positions throughout their careers.

Additional resources