Agriculture and Fishing

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2019-2020):
+8.5%
Job growth (2019-2020):
+2,600
Total employment (2020):
33,200

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Agriculture and fishing jobs are diverse and include labour, management, technical roles, sales and marketing. 
  • Employment is often temporary and highly seasonal. 
  • Permanent positions and opportunities for advancement are available. 
  • Growth in job opportunities is expected in this sector. 
  • Employees may work for an employer or be self-employed.  
  • Wages for most workers are below the provincial average.
  • Very few jobs in this industry are unionized.

Businesses in the agriculture and fishing industry grow, raise, harvest, gather, market and sell food to contribute to the essential supply of food domestically and internationally. Agriculture and fishing include many types of businesses and activities such as farms, orchards, greenhouses and nurseries, apiaries, livestock farming and ranching, operating fishing vessels for fish and seafood harvest.

Helped by its diverse climate and geography, B.C. has become home to one of the most diverse agriculture and fishing industries in Canada; the province currently produces more than 200 different food varieties and raises over 100 different seafood species.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2020

  Men: 50%
  Women: 50%

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2020

  Men: 52%
  Women: 48%

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

N/A - Data not available

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2015 2020 B.C. average (2020)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2015
22%
2020
35%
B.C. average (2020)
21%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2015
48%
2020
45%
B.C. average (2020)
18%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2015
20%
2020
14%
B.C. average (2020)
11%

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2015
  • 2020
  • B.C. average (2020)

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

Source: 2020 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2019 2024 2029
Forecasted employment
2019
25,400
2024
26,500
2029
26,500

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2019 - 2024
  • 2024 - 2029

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2019
  • 2024
  • 2029

Note:support activities for agriculture are not included

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Agriculture
http://www.gov.bc.ca/agri/

BC Agriculture in the Classroom Foundation
http://www.aitc.ca/bc/

Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council
http://www.agritalent.ca/

Investment Agriculture Foundation of British Columbia
http://iafbc.ca

North American Industry Classification System
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/industry-industrie-eng.htm