Health Care and Social Assistance

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2014-2015):
+6.5%
Job growth (2014-2015):
+17,600
Total employment (2015):
287,400

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Health Care and Social Assistance was B.C.’s second largest employer in 2015, with 287,400 people working in this industry.
  • This industry has a low unemployment rate and tends to be immune from economic fluctuations.
  • Most jobs in this industry are located in the Mainland / Southwest, Vancouver Island / Coast and Thompson-Okanagan regions.
  • The workforce is predominantly female and wages for women in this industry are notably higher than in other industries.

The Health Care and Social Assistance industry includes services that provide health care, residential care for medical or social reasons, and social assistance.

Health care establishments provide care for individuals who seek services for prevention, diagnosis or treatment from health care professionals, including doctors, lab technicians, dentists, optometrists and chiropractors.

Social assistance includes services such as child protection, home care, welfare, counselling, social housing and food services, and child care.

It is difficult to separate the social assistance occupations from health care occupations because many of the services provided by each are interconnected.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2015

  Men: 19%
  Women: 81%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2015

  Men: 52%
  Women: 48%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2010 2015 B.C. average (2015)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2010
26%
2015
26%
B.C. average (2015)
21%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2010
13%
2015
14%
B.C. average (2015)
18%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2010
13%
2015
14%
B.C. average (2015)
14%

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2010
  • 2015
  • B.C. average (2015)

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

Source: 2015 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2016 2020 2025
Forecasted employment
2016
293,500
2020
313,300
2025
351,800

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2016 - 2020
  • 2020 - 2025

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2016
  • 2020
  • 2025

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Health
http://www.gov.bc.ca/health/

B.C. Ministry of Social Development & Poverty Reduction
http://www.gov.bc.ca/hsd/

Federation of Community Social Services of BC
http://www.fcssbc.ca/

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml