Health Care and Social Assistance

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2016-2017):
+4.0%
Job growth (2016-2017):
+11,900
Total employment (2017):
303,500

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Health Care and Social Assistance was B.C.’s second largest employer in 2015, with 287,400 people working in this industry.
  • This industry has a low unemployment rate and tends to be immune from economic fluctuations.
  • Most jobs in this industry are located in the Mainland / Southwest, Vancouver Island / Coast and Thompson-Okanagan regions.
  • The workforce is predominantly female and wages for women in this industry are notably higher than in other industries.

The Health Care and Social Assistance industry includes services that provide health care, residential care for medical or social reasons, and social assistance.

Health care establishments provide care for individuals who seek services for prevention, diagnosis or treatment from health care professionals, including doctors, lab technicians, dentists, optometrists and chiropractors.

Social assistance includes services such as child protection, home care, welfare, counselling, social housing and food services, and child care.

It is difficult to separate the social assistance occupations from health care occupations because many of the services provided by each are interconnected.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2017

  Men: 19%
  Women: 81%

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2017

  Men: 52%
  Women: 48%

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2012 2017 B.C. average (2017)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2012
27%
2017
26%
B.C. average (2017)
22%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2012
13%
2017
16%
B.C. average (2017)
18%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2012
16%
2017
16%
B.C. average (2017)
14%

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2012
  • 2017
  • B.C. average (2017)

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

Source: 2017 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2018 2023 2028
Forecasted employment
2018
308,700
2023
338,900
2028
375,300

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2018 - 2023
  • 2023 - 2028

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2018
  • 2023
  • 2028

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Health
http://www.gov.bc.ca/health/

B.C. Ministry of Social Development & Poverty Reduction
http://www.gov.bc.ca/hsd/

Federation of Community Social Services of BC
http://www.fcssbc.ca/

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml