Health Care and Social Assistance

Overview

Employment summary

Growth (2017-2018):
+6.0%
Job growth (2017-2018):
+19,700
Total employment (2018):
323,200

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Key points
  • Health Care and Social Assistance is one of B.C.’s largest employers.
  • This industry has a low unemployment rate and tends to be immune from economic fluctuations.
  • Most jobs in this industry are located in the Mainland / Southwest, Vancouver Island / Coast and Thompson-Okanagan regions.
  • The workforce is predominantly female, and wages for women in this industry are notably higher than in other industries.

The Health Care and Social Assistance industry includes services that provide health care, residential care for medical or social reasons, and social assistance.

Health care establishments provide care for individuals who seek services for prevention, diagnosis or treatment from health care professionals, including doctors, lab technicians, dentists, optometrists and chiropractors.

Social assistance includes services such as child protection, home care, welfare, counselling, social housing and food services, and child care.

It is difficult to separate the social assistance occupations from health care occupations because many of the services provided by each are interconnected.

Workforce

Gender

Employment by gender in 2018

  Men: 20%
  Women: 80%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Provincial average in 2018

  Men: 58%
  Women: 42%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Age groups

% of employees under 25 years of age

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

% of employees 55 years and older

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Employment

Types of employment

2013 2018 B.C. average (2018)
Part time
(% of employees working part time)
2013
25%
2014
26%
B.C. average (2018)
20%
Self-employed
(% of employees who are self-employed)
2013
12%
2018
15%
B.C. average (2018)
20%
Temporary jobs
(% of employees in temporary jobs)
2013
16%
2018
14%
B.C. average (2018)
13%

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Workplace

% of workers in firms less than 20 employees

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

% of workers in private sector jobs

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Unemployment rate

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Earnings

Average hourly wages in this industry

Men

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Women

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Youth

  • 2013
  • 2018
  • B.C. average (2018)

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Location of work

Select your region:
Vancouver Island / Coast Mainland / Southwest Thompson-Okanagan Kootenay Cariboo Northeast North Coast & Nechako
  % employment of this industry
  % employment of all industries

Vancouver Island / Coast

Mainland / Southwest

Thompson-Okanagan

Kootenay

Cariboo

North Coast & Nechako

Northeast

Source: 2018 Labour Force Survey

Employment outlook

2019 2024 2029
Forecasted employment
2019
321,900
2024
348,300
2029
380,800

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted average annual employment growth rate

  • 2019 - 2024
  • 2024 - 2029

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Forecasted industry share of total employment

  • 2019
  • 2024
  • 2029

Source: B.C. Labour Market Outlook

Additional resources

B.C. Ministry of Health
http://www.gov.bc.ca/health/

B.C. Ministry of Social Development & Poverty Reduction
http://www.gov.bc.ca/hsd/

Federation of Community Social Services of BC
http://www.fcssbc.ca/

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml